Learn Everything There Is To Know About Plasma Cutters
A plasma cutter is an object that can pass through even the ferrous of materials like metals and steel and that is because of the contribution of the unique properties of plasma.
Prior to us continuing the discussion about plasma cutter and how it works, let us first define what plasma really is. When we say plasma, it is a term that is commonly used in reference to the fourth states of matter, aside from solid, liquid, and gas, in which so many of the electrons are wandering around freely among the nuclei of the atom. When we were young, we learned about the states of matter and we are taught that there are juts three of them namely: solid, liquid and gas but the truth is that there are actually four states of matter and the fourth one on the list of plasma. As what is being mentioned in the previous statement, a plasma define as an ionized gas in which sufficient energy is being provided to free electrons coming from atoms or molecules and also, it is the one that enables the coexistence of ions and electrons. By boosting a gas to an extremely high temperature will definitely result from the creation of plasma. When the gas was boosted on to an extremely high temperature, the energy begins to break the gas molecules apart and the atoms will also begin to split as well. This process will also affect the electrons and ions as the fast moving electrons will collide with other electrons and ions causing it to release a tantamount of energy. The reason behind why plasma has an incredible cutting power is due to the enormous amount energy released from the collision.
Speaking of how a plasma cutter works, it actually works by sending a pressurized gas or an electric arc through a small channel or a constricted opening which is the cutting nozzle. You can find in the middle of the channel a negatively charged electrode. When you put power to a negatively charged electrode and touch the tip of the nozzle with a positively charged metal, it will produce a connection and coming from that connection is the creation of a circuit and a powerful spark. The gas will continue to pass through the channels and the gas that has been passing through will be heated by the spark until it become plasma, the fourth state of matter. What makes plasma more incredible is that when it reach thirty thousand degree Fahrenheit, it is capable of cutting through almost anything.
There is also another of making plasma cutter works and that is by creating a high velocity of plasma flow between the electrode that is negatively charged and the electrode that is positively charged.